REFLECT

Most of the recommendations delivered in this project will verge more on ‘how-to-do' rather than ‘what-to-do' guidelines.
To aid its assessment of existing EU capabilities, and to develop forward looking proposals consistent with our approach outlined above, the project will incorporate a number of cross-cutting themes. These relate to the range of principles, processes and tools that can enhance coherence and context-specific interventions. They will be used as an analytical device for assessing existing capabilities, and as criteria for benchmarking EU policies, tools and actions.

  • Multi-stakeholder coherence:

IRENE will look at the EU's choice of partners, the effectiveness of key multilateral relationships, such as with the UN ,the OSCE and other regional actors, and the potential for more creative peacebuilding partnerships including with civil society and the private sector. The findings will relate to the EU and member states' policy developments on a ‘Comprehensive Approach'.

  • Local ownership:

The LSE will examine the accountability of EU policies towards local actors, inclusiveness and the outside-inside/external-local dynamics of EU peacebuilding, including to what extent EU engagements respond to local demand for assistance and reform. It will seek evidence and make recommendations on how different cultural concepts of ownership and local empowerment can be operationalised.

  • Gender:

ECP will examine whether and how the EU integrates and implements its gender commitments in its peace operations and missions, it will look at dilemmas and obstacles that may constrain implementation and it will assess the degree of inclusiveness with regards gender (participation of women and integration of gender perspective) of EU conflict prevention and peacebuilding efforts.

  • Civil-military synergies:

EU policy on civil-military relations currently focuses on humanitarian assistance. GPPAC will build on a related initiative to inform how the EU should conceive of its civilmilitary relations policy vis a vis the broader approach to conflict prevention and peacebuilding, including governance and SSR. This will include the quality of relationship between the public, civilian government and security forces, and how security forces relate to civilian humanitarian, development, conflict prevention and peacebuilding efforts.

  • Information and Communication Technologies (ICT):

An interdisciplinary, socio-technical perspective allows us to investigate the opportunities, operational barriers and ethical dilemmas presented by the use of particular technologies. LSE , in collaboration with experts in the field, will pay attention to formal and informal practices, by various peacebuilding actors in specific peacebuilding contexts. This will inform our assessment of EU capabilities, and provide a more complete picture of technology needs and how technology can serve the operational goals of the EU. Examining the application of 'benevolent' ICT will also reveal actual and potential synergies between military and civilian capabilities.